Most people do not have perfect feet, although some people's feet abnormalities are less severe than others. For those with light to medium severity foot problems, orthotics are often the way to go in order to improve foot performance and quality of life. Orthotics are able to support any abnormalities, such as flat feet or high arches, strengthen the foot and the ankle, and stop the foot from becoming more deformed as a person ages. There are two main types of orthotics that a person can use.
1. Functional Orthotics
Functional orthotics are primarily designed to provide a level of support for any problems that you might have with the structure of your foot. For example, if you have high arches, the orthotics will also have a high arch in order to support your foot and keep its arch from collapsing. Another example would be if you had flat feet. If you have flat feet, your feet tend to roll towards the center, making it difficult or painful to walk. An orthotic that treats flat feet will be designed to prevent any rolling.
Functional orthotics are used if a person has a foot problem that is chronic or permanent and are used for daily wear because they can decrease pain and make it easier for a person to walk or run. They also provide support to the other regions of the foot that are not damaged. Finally, functional orthotics, because they cover the entire bottom of the foot, can help absorb the shock that is created when people walk.
2. Accommodative Orthotics
Accommodative orthotics are used to treat minor foot injuries, such as sprains or breaks. These injuries are almost always temporary, so accommodative orthotics are usually not worn for more than a few months. They are able to immobilize any parts of the foot or ankle that have been injured, prevent any weight from being put on the injured parts of the body, and generally support the foot and ankle to keep the injury from getting worse. For example, a splint will keep an injured toe or ankle from moving with the rest of the body. Casts, which perform a similar function, are also considered to be accommodative orthotics.
For more information about orthotics and to determine which type would be right for your needs, contact an podiatrist at a firm like Kelowna Podiatry Group as soon as possible. Getting the right type of orthotic will drastically improve your quality of life.Share